What is a Block?

Posted by Kathleen Fasanella on Nov 20, 2006 at 2:37 pm / Glossary, Lean Manufacturing, Newbies, Patterns, Process Reviews, Rants / Trackback

[Glossary entry]
First, a block is not a sloper (read this). A block is not a fitting shell either. Fitting shells are only used in schools, colleges, sewing classes, by custom clothiers or enthusiasts. Nobody else uses them. Yes I know, in school they have you make them but rest assured that once you leave school, you’ll never have to make them again unless you want to. Summarizing from past experience, I don’t want to arm wrestle with anybody over the pros and cons of whether you should use fitting shells, mostly because people assign themselves a lot of points for being able to do it and I think that is just great -really!-and I’m happy for you but I’d prefer that this entry not become a point of contention. Thanks.

A block is the pattern of a style that sells well for you. It sells so well for you that you use that pattern to generate new styles. If you are in the gestation of your line, you won’t have any real blocks because you haven’t sold anything yet. In such case, a block could be whatever pattern you’ve used to generate most of your products. It is the building block of your product line. Let’s call it a parent pattern. You use the parent pattern to generate styles from it or children.

A block pattern applies to any kind of sewn product (remember, it is not a fitting shell). If you’re making bags and have one style that consistently outperforms the others, that one should be your block. If people like that style, you should maximize your return by reusing an existing style that performs to generate new styles that will also -hopefully- perform as well as the block. Doing this takes out a lot of guesswork. We don’t need to reinvent the wheel each time, we base it on something. Style development takes a lot less time. A block is not a fitting shell because using a shell is like starting from zero. Previously I’d explained it thusly:

Now, the way we do it is to buy or use something that is similar to what we want to do and we fit that. Then we use a basic body -a block or an existing pattern, the fit of which we already like- and transfer to that, whatever the distinctive features of the new style. Plus, we make our fit changes. This way our first prototype will come out looking pretty good. For example, let’s say we’re making a coat. We are not going to start with a basic fitting shell. We will start with a coat pattern that we already have, that looks closest to the style we want to develop. That’s much different than how they teach you in school where everybody starts with a basic fitting shell. Fitting shells are pretty close to useless when it comes to style development; doing that, one will end up making a lot more iterations than we do. In real life, you’d be hard pressed to find a basic fitting shell pattern in the plant of any manufacturer. Beginners go from a “sloper” to coat incrementally. That’s a lot of work. Start with a coat. Make the changes, including fit. Then, bingo, you’re there. If you want to make a blouse, start with a blouse. Develop a basic range of styles that fit you and use them over and over again.

Now, before you go running off, there’s another entry on this topic you should read. It’s called PN Numbers. Long story but it describes the practical concerns of developing, using and managing blocks to save yourself a lot of money. A lot of money. It’s block pattern management. As you’ll learn, a block pattern system becomes a system of interchangeable parts (pattern pieces) and if you know that before you get too far into it, you can organize your pieces like parts, or a parts inventory from which you can make a whole lot of other styles that cost you very little. From the PN numbers entry are linkages to more entries in developing a pattern block system or network so read those too. Those entries will show you how to manage all of those small parts. This whole series (in my opinion) was one of the most valuable tutorials I’ve ever published on this site and it gets no love. There are links to diagrams you can print out, tons of photos illustrating block parent and child styles I’ve done as well as how to mark and manage each individual piece in the system. Then, this also has practical implications for working with your contractor because you have to know how to write up your cutter’s must and so on. If you want to read the series in order, it is:

How blocks work
What is Kaizen (don’t you dare miss this entry in spite of the title)
A cutter’s must
A cutter’s must pt 2
PN numbers

If I’ve left any out, please let me know. Trackbacking within system entries wasn’t live at the time so I may have missed one or two. Oh and if you’re still naming your styles rather than numbering them, be prepared for a lecture or two (sorry!). It is doubtful you’ll continue to do that if you read these entries.

15 Responses to “What is a Block?”

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Tracey Valliere-Evans
November 21st, 2006
7:02 AM

Cannot believe I got this in my e-mail box, as I have only just been speaking to Hanni about this in the Studio (our invaluable member of the team who is learning pattern-cutting)! I have printed off for her to read….although I am not sure if terminology is different in the UK??

Any comments?

jocole
November 21st, 2006
2:30 PM

i love that series, i have it printed out and taped into my sketchbook. kathleen you are amazing. i love that you are showing us DEs how to do it in real life, as we NEVER learned anything close to the info you provide in school. i love my blocks, and using the system you outlined here on your website (and in your book) on pns and style #s. thank you thank you thank you

laurra
November 24th, 2006
8:46 AM

very interesting post , thank you

Happy Thanksgiving to all laurra

Sonia
August 25th, 2007
9:29 PM

An overwhelmed THANK YOU to you Kathleen!

The Universe has smiled on me today as I stumbled upon your blog. All the pattern info here will be tremendously helpfull in my building a good patterns base.

I’m starting again making collections after a bitter false start, where I fell into lots of traps beginner DEs can fall into. One of them was me, completely overwhelmed with my pattern base, so much so I want to throw the whole thing in the trash… I cannot find what I need sometimes, and that shouldn’t be, of course.

I’ll start fresh. Yes, throwing stuff out, but keeping what worked… using a great PN number so it’s never lost again.

Whitni
January 13th, 2010
7:42 AM

This is really great info – just learning about blocks and their usefulness in creating a consistent fit within a line. Thank you Kathleen for sharing your wisdom. We are all the better for it!

Timo Rissanen
March 25th, 2011
7:51 PM

Sigh.

I actually quoted this post today, to ‘But we need to teach skills’, or similar. On an unrelated note, my personal belief is that advising someone to set in a sleeve with a one inch seam allowance is not teaching the student a skill; I see it as a form of torture.

Leather pattern making and sewing class
November 30th, 2011
4:27 PM

[…] posting last week. The first day, their job was to copy this corrected version to use as their block pattern. The lessons for the day were learning to mark, measure and cut. Mastery of these three things […]

Please DO try to make your own blocks
August 21st, 2012
6:26 AM

[…] or haven’t bought my book (tsk tsk) or even think you do know what a block is, here’s a review: [ ] a block is not a sloper. A block is not a fitting shell either… A block is the pattern […]

[…] first approach is a lot like patternmaking where you have your main patterns, or blocks and you work and make changes based on them.  After developing a few pages of sketches of garments […]

On reviewing pattern books
May 15th, 2013
10:58 AM

[…] We don’t make patterns like this in real life (we do it like this). Nobody uses slopers, we use blocks (enthusiasts have co-opted the term to mean a basic fitting shell). It’s hard to illustrate […]

[…] If I was following a similar process to Sunni‘s “Focus on Fit“, I think this is where I would start (or maybe with this dress eliminating the terribly cheap looking belt and the very classy front zipper…). And I would even go crazy and use 2 units and have the seam allowances included because I’m lazy and because blocks have seam allowances. […]

[…] There, I found out that patterns without seam allowances, called  “slopers” or “blocks” in the sewing enthusiast world, are generally not used in the industry, and if you use those terms […]

Rachelle
August 13th, 2014
4:53 AM

Thank you Kathleen, I have your book and read your blogs reverently now and you have helped me so much! As an absolute beginner though, would you advocate starting out with purchased standard blocks, for instance the ones from The London Centre of Fashion Studies (http://www.sewessential.co.uk/Category.asp?CategoryID=1204&NumPerPage=5&page=1)? If so, do you have any other recommendations for go-to basic blocks to use as a starting guide?

Kathleen
August 14th, 2014
12:17 PM

Hi Rachelle
I haven’t used them personally, or even examined them in real life so I truly don’t know. I suppose they are fine to start with as long as you realize these are just a starting point and are not production ready patterns. Toward the latter, one of these patterns was used in a challenge so you might want to look at these entries:
http://www.fashion-incubator.com/archive/pop-quiz-482-pt1/
http://www.fashion-incubator.com/archive/pop-quiz-482-pt2/

Kathleen
August 14th, 2014
2:33 PM

I forgot to leave a link to this post: Please DO try to make your own blocks

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